Annotated checklist for Stony Corals of American Samoa and Mesophotic Depth Records
This dataset represents a complete analysis of coral species occurrences across 51 different references or datasets for the US Territory of American Samoa. Each row in the data represents the exact spelling for each mention of that species name. Additional data was collected on each mention as available and is shown in the various fields of the dataset.
This dataset represents the taxonomic details associated with a complete analysis of coral species occurrences across 51 different references or datasets for the US Territory of American Samoa. Additional information on the status under the US Endangered Species Act, IUCN Red List, the evidence and status within American Samoa, and the recorded geographic range extension. Each row represents a unique spelling of a coral name reported from American Samoa.
The data in this checklist resource has been published as a Darwin Core Archive (DwC-A), which is a standardized format for sharing biodiversity data as a set of one or more data tables. The core data table contains 745 records.
1 extension data tables also exist. An extension record supplies extra information about a core record. The number of records in each extension data table is illustrated below.
This IPT archives the data and thus serves as the data repository. The data and resource metadata are available for download in the downloads section. The versions table lists other versions of the resource that have been made publicly available and allows tracking changes made to the resource over time.
Download the latest version of this resource data as a Darwin Core Archive (DwC-A) or the resource metadata as EML or RTF:
The table below shows only published versions of the resource that are publicly accessible.
How to cite
Researchers should cite this work as follows:
Montgomery A, Toonen R, Fenner D (2021): Annotated checklist for Stony Corals of American Samoa and Mesophotic Depth Records. v1.4. ZooKeys. Dataset/Checklist. http://ipt.pensoft.net/resource?r=annotated_checklist_for_stony_corals_of_american_samoa_with_reference_to_mesophotic_depth_records&v=1.4
Researchers should respect the following rights statement:
The publisher and rights holder of this work is ZooKeys. To the extent possible under law, the publisher has waived all rights to these data and has dedicated them to the Public Domain (CC0 1.0). Users may copy, modify, distribute and use the work, including for commercial purposes, without restriction.
Checklist; Mesophotic coral ecosystems; WoRMS; World List of Scleractinia; new records; Scleractinia; Milleporidae; Stylasteridae; Helioporidae; Derivedfromoccurrence
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Territory of American Samoa includes the islands of Tutuilla, Ofu, Olosega, Tau, Rose Atoll, and Swains Island.
|Bounding Coordinates||South West [-15.051, -171.167], North East [-11.027, -166.201]|
The stony corals were corals reported above 150 m depth and were mostly zooxanthellate and hermatypic corals.
|Order||Scleractinia (stony corals)|
|Family||Milleporidae (fire coral), Stylasteridae (lace coral), Heliporidae (blue coral)|
|Start Date / End Date||1924-01-01 / 2019-01-01|
An annotated checklist of the stony corals (Scleractinia, Milleporidae, Stylasteridae, and Helioporidae) of American Sāmoa is presented. A total of 377 valid species have been reported from American Sāmoa with 342 species considered either present (251) or possibly present (91). Of these 342 species, 66 have a recorded geographical range extension and 90 have been reported from mesophotic depths (30–150 m). Additionally, four new species records (Acanthastrea subechinata Veron, 2000, Favites paraflexuosus Veron, 2000, Echinophyllia echinoporoides Veron & Pichon, 1980, Turbinaria irregularis Bernard, 1896) are presented. Coral species of concern include species listed under the U.S. Endangered Species Act (ESA) and the International Union for Conservation of Nature’s (IUCN) Red List of threatened species. Approximately 17.5% of the species present or possibly present are categorized as threatened by IUCN compared to 27% of the species globally. American Sāmoa has seven ESA-listed or ESA candidate species, including Acropora globiceps (Dana, 1846), Acropora jacquelineae Wallace, 1994, Acropora retusa (Dana, 1846), Acropora speciosa (Quelch, 1886), Fimbriaphyllia paradivisa (Veron, 1990), Isopora crateriformis (Gardiner, 1898), and Pocillopora meandrina Dana, 1846. There are two additional species possibly present, i.e. Pavona diffluens (Lamarck, 1816) and Porites napopora Veron, 2000.
|Title||Annotated checklist for stony corals of American Sāmoa with reference to mesophotic depth records|
|Funding||National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration’s Coral Reef Conservation Program (NA15NOS4820082) and the Colonel Willys E. Lord, DVM and Sandina L. Lord Scholarship Fund for the Hawaii Institute of Marine Biology for funding.|
|Study Area Description||Territory of American Samoa|
|Design Description||Literature review and analysis of reported occurrences.|
The personnel involved in the project:
|Quality Control||Data validated in R and peer review|
Method step description:
- See methods of publication
|Purpose||These data allows other researchers to evaluate the species and locations of the coral species reported from American Samoa. The identification or correctness of each species occurrence is only as good as the source data which frequently can not be validated. Extensive discussion on this limitation and how we dealt with these limitations in the published manuscript.|
|Maintenance Description||As needed|