Photo images, 3D models and CT scanned data of loaches (Botiidae, Cobitidae and Nemacheilidae) of Japan
Loach is one of the major cypriniform fishes in freshwater habitats of Japan, being recognized 23 described species/subspecies and 12 undescribed/undecides clades (Nakajima and Uchiyama 2017) (http://ffish.asia/loachesOfJapan). As well as molecular genetic research (Kitagawa et al. 2001a, Kitagawa et al. 2001b, Kitagawa et al. 2003a, Kitagawa et al. 2003b, Kitagawa et al. 2005, Suzawa 2006, Morishima et al. 2008, Saitoh et al. 2010, Kano et al. 2011, Miyazaki et al. 2011, Shimizu et al. 2011, Kano et al. 2012, Nakajima 2012, Nakajima 2016, Nakajima and Suzawa 2016, Nakajima and Uchiyama 2017), morphological examinations are needed for further development of loach study. Digital archiving of fish specimens is one of the progressive challenges in ichthyology for open science (Kanagawa Prefectural Museum of Natural History and National Museum of Nature and Science 1998, Berquist et al. 2012, Kano et al. 2013, Kano et al. 2016). This paper aimed to online publish photo images, 3D models and CT scanned data of all the known taxa/clades of loaches inhabiting in Japan (http://ffish.asia/loachesOfJapan3D) for the advances of loach study and ichthyology, and furthermore as a challenge of open science for public interests of biology.
The data in this occurrence resource has been published as a Darwin Core Archive (DwC-A), which is a standardized format for sharing biodiversity data as a set of one or more data tables. The core data table contains 103 records.
1 extension data tables also exist. An extension record supplies extra information about a core record. The number of records in each extension data table is illustrated below.
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Researchers should cite this work as follows:
Kano Y (2021): Photo images, 3D models and CT scanned data of loaches (Botiidae, Cobitidae and Nemacheilidae) of Japan. v1.9. Biodiversity Data Journal. Dataset/Occurrence. http://ipt.pensoft.net/resource?r=jp_loaches_3dct_models&v=1.9
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The publisher and rights holder of this work is Biodiversity Data Journal. This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial (CC-BY-NC) 4.0 License.
3D model; Anatomy; Bone; CT scan; Digital archiving; Fish specimen; Freshwater fishes of Japan; GBIF; Holotype; Loach; Morphology; Open science; Paratype; Skeleton; Undescribed species; Inventorythematic
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Inland water habitats of Japan.
|Bounding Coordinates||South West [23, 123], North East [46, 150]|
No Description available
|Subphylum||Craniata (Vertebrat es and hagfishes)|
|Class||Osteichthyes (Bony fishes and tetrapods)|
|Order||Cypriniformes (Carps, loaches, minnows and relatives)|
|Family||Botiidae (Botiid loach), Cobitidae (True loaches), Nemacheilidae (Stone loaches)|
|Species||Parabotia curtus ("Ayumodoki"), Cobitis kaibarai ("Ariake-suji-shima-dojyô"), Cobitis magnostriata ("Oogata-suji-shima-dojyô"), Cobitis matsubarae ("Yamato-shima-dojyô"), Cobitis sp. "yamato" complex Type A ("Yamato-shima-dojyô" (Type A)), Cobitis sakahoko ("Oyodo-shima-dojyô"), Cobitis shikokuensis ("Hina-ishi-dojyô"), Cobitis sp. BIWAE type A ("Oo-shima-dojyô"), Cobitis sp. BIWAE type B ("Nishi-shima-dojyô"), Cobitis sp. BIWAE type C ("Higashi-shima-dojyô"), Cobitis sp. BIWAE type D ("Tosas-shima-dojyô"), Cobitis takatsuensis ("Ishi-dojyô"), Cobitis takenoi ("Tango-suji-shima-dojyô"), Misgurnus sp. (Clade A) ("Kita-dojyô"), Misgurnus anguillicaudatus (Clade B1) ("Dojyô" (Japan clade)), Misgurnus anguillicaudatus (Clade B2) ("Dojyô" (China clade)), Misgurnus anguillicaudatus (jindai) ("Jindai-dojyô"), Misgurnus sp. IR ("Shinobi-dojyô"), Misgurnus sp. OK ("Hyoumon-dojyô"), Misgurnus dabryanus ("Kara-dojyô"), Niwaella delicata ("Ajime-dojyô"), Barbatula oreas ("Fuku-dojyô"), Lefua costata ("Hime-dojyô"), Lefua echigonia ("Hotoke-dojyô"), Lefua nikkonis ("Ezo-hotoke-dojyô"), Lefua sp. 1 ("Nagare-hotoke-dojyô"), Lefua sp. 2 ("Tôkai-nagare-hotoke-dojyô")|
|Subspecies||Cobitis minamorii minamorii ("San'yô-kogata-suji-shima-dojyô"), Cobitis minamorii oumiensis ("Biwa-kogata-suji-shima-dojyô"), Cobitis minamorii saninensis ("San'in-kogata-suji-shima-dojyô"), Cobitis minamorii tokaiensis ("Tôkai-kogata-suji-shima-dojyô"), Cobitis minamorii yodoensis ("Tôkai-kogata-suji-shima-dojyô"), Cobitis striata fuchigamii ("Onga-suji-shima-dojyô"), Cobitis striata hakataensis ("Hakata-suji-shima-dojyô"), Cobitis striata striata ("Chûgata-suji-shima-dojyô")|
|Start Date / End Date||1954-06-06 / 2017-12-15|
No Description available
|Funding||This work was partially supported by JSPS KAKENHI Grant Number 18HP8029.|
The personnel involved in the project:
The specimens were generally captured by a hand-net in the fields.
|Study Extent||Specimens of loaches of Japan were collected from personal collections and museums.|
Method step description:
- Photo images were taken in the fields by capturing individuals (Kano and Nakajima 2014) and/or by snorkeling. The formalin-fixed specimens were also photographed in the laboratory followed by CT scanning (Aloka Latheta LCT-200, Hitachi, Ltd.). 3D surface (CT value: -400 to -40) and skeletal (CT value: 5 to 200) models were extracted from the CT data. The CT data in raw file format was also stored and available on the web.
|Collection Name||JNC/JNCP (J. Nakajima's personal collection)|
|Collection Name||KPM (Kanagawa Prefectural Museum of Natural History)|
|Collection Name||LBM (Lake Biwa Museum)|
|Collection Name||MPM/MPMQ (Mie Prefectural Museum)|
|Collection Name||OMNH (Osaka Museum of Natural History)|
|Collection Name||QUYK (Y. Kano's personal collection)|
|Collection Name||TKPM (Tokushima Prefectural Museum)|
|Specimen preservation methods||Formalin|